As the political campaigning season is in full swing, it seems as if you cannot turn your head without seeing a campaign sign promoting a candidate for office. Many Condominium and Homeowner Associations have imposed bans on displaying signs (political or otherwise) in their communities. While that seems to be in direct opposition to the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution and freedom of speech, it is important to understand why an HOA or Condo Association can stop an owner from posting such signs.
The First Amendment constrains State actors (such as cities and other government entities) from limiting such speech, but since Associations are private actors and their covenants and bylaws are considered private rules and regulations, Associations are allowed to be more restrictive than State laws and regulations. In most cases, free speech is protected only from government interference as per the First Amendment. So, as in many instances of Association living, read your documents to make sure you are familiar with the rules and regulations that are placed upon your living in that community, including whether or not you are able to promote the candidate you are supporting by placing signs on your property.